Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of about 100 cannabinoids found in cannabis but is one that has been found to be particularly beneficial without any side effects. All of our products are extracts from low THC varieties of cannabis known as ‘industrial hemp’. The plants are grown legally under licence and the extract or oil containing up to 40% CBD is used as a food supplement to help improve and maintain health.
// The history //
100 years ago and for thousands of years before, it was grown widely all across Europe, the USA and Asia. It was a basic agricultural crop, its fibre used for making rope, fishing nets and for weaving into strong, hardwearing textiles. Way before cotton, it was used to make clothes, sails and other fabric products. and requires fewer chemicals and less processing than cotton to make it useable. Its seed can be eaten whole, ground into flour or pressed to produce a highly nutritious oil. The leaves can be treated as any other green vegetable and its flowers contain powerful compounds used as medicine to treat all sorts of ailments. In the late 1900s more than half of all pharmacy medicines contained cannabis.
Then, in the early part of the 20th century, cannabis became the subject of an extraordinary campaign of fear and terror. It was demonised, claimed to be responsible for causing all sorts of problems in society and portrayed as a dangerous drug. From about 1925 in Europe and 1937 in the US, it was effectively banned right across the world.
// The power of plant //
Although there is still a hangover from all the scare stories and misinformation around cannabis, science is now proving that in fact it is one of the most important plants on the planet and has a great deal of benefit to offer
Despite the ban on cannabis, many countries have allowed certain varieties to be grown under licence for the same purposes as before. These varieties are called ‘industrial hemp’ and have been selectively bred to produce low levels of THC, the psychoactive ingredient in cannabis. In Europe, industrial hemp must contain less than 0.2% THC, in the Americas the limit is 0.3% and it still contains all the other ingredients found in any other variety of cannabis. These include: cannabidiol (CBD), other cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids and many other compounds which are highly nutritious and healthy.
// The Endocannabinoid System //
To understand how cannabidiol (CBD) works you must understand the endocannabinoid system (ECS). We all have an endocannabinoid system, as do all mammals, birds, reptiles, and fish.
The endocannabinoid system is internal to the body and consists of endocannabinoids, cannabinoid receptors and enzymes.
Endocannabinoids are fatty substances or oils in microscopic quantities which interact or bind with cannabinoid receptors.
Cannabinoid receptors are membranes in our body’s cells that enable signals to be passed back and forth. There are CB1 and CB2 receptors in the central nervous system and CB2 receptors in the immune and gastrointestinal system. Scientists have suggested that there is a CB3 receptor but this is still theory at present.
The enzymes are responsible for the manufacture and disposal of endocannabinoids. Our body manufactures endocannabinoids in order to pass messages concerning functions such as pain, inflammation, memory, appetite and mood.
CBD is a phytocannabinoid, that is it is a substance derived from a plant (phyto) that interacts with the cannabinoid receptors found in the body. Most phytocannabinoids are from the cannabis plant although some other plants such as echinacea and cocoa also contain cannabinoid-like substances.
So CBD and other phytocannabinoids can affect our body in the same way as endocannabinoids. The science is not yet clear whether phytocannabinoids can replace or substitute for endocannabinoids but it seems to make logical sense. Remember though that when you ingest CBD, even in small doses, these are massively greater than the microscopic quantities of endocannabinoids.
It’s pretty clear that our endocannabinoid system is very important to our health and wellbeing.
The diversity of receptor locations in the body, including the CNS and gastrointestinal tract, shows just how important endocannabinoids are for day-to-day bodily function.
They help regulate the following: Sleep Appetite, Digestion, Hunger Mood Motor control Immune function Reproduction & Fertility Pleasure & Reward Memory Temperature regulation Endocannabinoids are the chemical messengers that tell your body to get these processes moving and when to stop. They help maintain optimal balance in the body, also known as homeostasis. When the ECS is disrupted, any one of these things can fall out of balance. Dysregulation in the ECS is thought to contribute to a wide variety of conditions, including Fibromyalgia and irritable bowel syndrome.
// Clinical Endocannabinoid Deficiency CED: //
The ECS theory of disease is termed “Clinical Endocannabinoid Deficiency“.
The idea is simple: when the body does not produce enough endocannabinoids or cannot regulate them properly, you are more susceptible to illnesses that affect one or several of the functions listed above.
Studies in both CBD & THC have found that neither one to present a risk of a lethal dose.
It is worth noting, for legal reasons we cannot, under any circumstances, offer any medical advice or claims. Before starting to use any new food supplement, always consult your doctor or healthcare professional.